Mahatma Gandhi employed non-cooperation, non-violence and peaceful protest as a weapon against British rulers. He achieved the international repute for his doctrine of non-violence to attain political and social progress. So much so that Gandhiji became the world-renowned symbol of peace at the start of the Cold War. Gandhiji was primarily the political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. Known as Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of the nationalist movement against British rule in India. He was a staunch advocate of human, economic, social and spiritual development. He himself wore traditional Indian dhoti and a cotton shawl that he weaved with his hands on a spinning wheel which is also known as Charkha.An embodiment of simple living and high thinking Gandhiji with his non-violence principles led India to freedom from British rule on 15th August 1947.
However, just after a few months… on 30 January 1948, when Gandhiji was on his way to addressing evening prayers, he was assassinated by young Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse.
Entire country went into mourning with the sudden death of their endeared leader.
The organization “Gandhi Samrak Nidhi” came into being in 1949. This organization had noted Indian leaders as its members, like Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Chakravarty Rajgopalachari, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Shri Jagjeevan Ram. In response to appeals by them people in India contributed generously. This corpus fund is utilized to complete the projects left unfinished due to his sudden demise and also to preserve and propagate his teachings. And thus Gandhi Samrak Nidhi spread its wings by setting offices in many states in India.
Mamasaheb Devgirikar, the then regional president of Maharashtra Congress Committee, resigned from the post and shouldered responsibility to oversee all work in the state. He purchased a piece of 10 acre land to built the institution in a remote village in Pune, named Kothrud in Maharashtra. Decision to construct ‘Gandhi Bhavan’ was made on 5 November 1959. Honorable President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad performed Bhumi Poojan. Four months later on 22 April 1960 the foundation was laid by the then Chief Minister Yashvantrao Chavan. It took almost a year to complete the building. Gandhi Bhavan was inaugurated by Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 14 May 1961.